Praising the policy, one economist said that employer misclassification “robs workers of labor rights and threatens their economic security.”
Democrats in Congress and unions were among those applauding on Tuesday as the U.S. Department of Labor announced its final rule to provide guidance on when employers can treat workers as independent contractors under the Fair Labor Standards Act.
“Misclassifying employees as independent contractors is a serious issue that deprives workers of basic rights and protections,” acting Labor Secretary Julie Su said in a statement. “This rule will help protect workers, especially those facing the greatest risk of exploitation, by making sure they are classified properly and that they receive the wages they’ve earned.”
Welcoming the rule—set to take effect in March—the Teamsters said on social media that “it’s long past time for American employers to recognize and respect their employees, to stop exploiting loopholes to pay workers less and deprive them of benefits, and to honor every worker’s right to organize and collectively bargain a union contract.”
“Misclassifying employees as independent contractors is a serious issue that deprives workers of basic rights and protections.”— Teamsters (@Teamsters) January 9, 2024
Acting U.S. Labor Secretary Julie Su didn’t sugarcoat it on Tuesday as the Department of Labor issued a new ruling on worker misclassification and the…
Economic Policy Institute (EPI) president Heidi Shierholz highlighted that the rule rescinds a Trump-era policy and, like Su, stressed how “employer misclassification of workers as independent contractors robs workers of labor rights and threatens their economic security.”
“Many workers are harmed by employer misclassification—particularly those in the lowest-wage and most difficult jobs, such as nail salon workers, truck drivers, and construction workers,” Shierholz said. “A previous EPI analysis found that in 11 commonly misclassified occupations, workers misclassified as independent contractors lose out on thousands of dollars in earnings and benefits per year, compared with workers doing the same job with employee status.”
“Since this rule was proposed, opponents of this rule have waged an all-out misinformation war, claiming that independent entrepreneurs and business owners will now be forced into employee status against their will,” the economist noted. “The reality is that if the Trump administration’s rule was allowed to stand, workers with far less power to actually set the terms and conditions of their employment—not bonafide contractors—would have continued to lose out on basic worker protections, earnings, and benefits to which they should be entitled.”
The IUPAT welcomes the announcement today of the DOL's final rule on independent contractors.— IUPAT (@GoIUPAT) January 9, 2024
Across our crafts & throughout the construction industry, we see workers, just like these painters and drywall finishers in Arizona, constantly misclassified as independent contractors. pic.twitter.com/2ZKkXSqbc6
The Washington Post reported Tuesday that “the rule is expected to face an onslaught of legal challenges from companies. It has faced extensive criticism from businesses and industry groups, including those representing Uber, Lyft, DoorDash, and other ride-share and delivery platforms. But labor officials say they have carefully considered possible litigation and are confident that the rule would withstand a court challenge.”
Some Republicans in Congress are already taking aim at the policy, with U.S. Senate Committee on Health, Education, Labor and Pensions (HELP) Ranking Member Bill Cassidy (R-La.) threatening to challenge it under the Congressional Review Act.
Meanwhile, Senate HELP Committee Chair Bernie Sanders (I-Vt.), a longtime labor rights advocate, praised the administration’s new move to “stop unscrupulous employers from deliberately misclassifying their workers and cheating them out of hard-earned wages,” adding that “when 60% of Americans live paycheck-to-paycheck, workers need labor laws that protect them, not allow them to be ripped off.”
Misclassifying employees as "independent contractors" deprives workers of their right to fair pay, overtime, and a safe workplace while undermining law-abiding employers, taxpayers and the economy.@USDOL's final rule protects workers and levels the playing field for employers. https://t.co/SbDNWlQV4A— Rep. Bobby Scott (@BobbyScott) January 9, 2024
Congressional Progressive Caucus (CPC) Chair Pramila Jayapal (D-Wash.) also offered praise, saying that “I am thrilled to see the Biden administration continuing to put its pro-worker commitment into action with this new final rule.”
“With gig work playing a larger role in our economy, it’s more important than ever that workers are protected under federal law and have access to all the rights to which they’re entitled,” she said. “This new policy will ensure that the workers who have fallen through the cracks—from rideshare and delivery drivers to janitors and home care workers—will finally be able to access Social Security benefits and unemployment insurance and be guaranteed overtime and minimum wage pay.”
“The rule is also an essential check on large, wealthy corporations who have skirted their obligations to these workers even as their labor makes the companies” profits possible,” she continued, adding that the CPC looks forward to working with President Joe Biden and Su to ensure it “is implemented fairly and equitably across the country and industries.”
Janitors, truck drivers & home healthcare workers are some of the most common professions to be misclassified as contractors robbing workers of basic rights like minimum wage, overtime, workers comp, NLRA protections & more. The new DOL rule to stop misclassification is a major…— Ro Khanna (@RoKhanna) January 9, 2024
The department’s announcement came a day after Biden renominated Su as labor secretary—a decision also celebrated by progressives, including Jayapal and Sanders, who called on the Senate to stop stalling.
“Julie Su has spent her career as a dedicated public servant, fighting tirelessly for working people, especially the lowest-wage workers, domestic workers, immigrant workers, and workers of color,” Jayapal pointed out. “She deeply understands how the Department of Labor should work and the needs of our modern economy.”
“There is so much work still to do to raise wages, lower costs, and fight for the working people of this country, and we need Labor Secretary Su to achieve it,” the CPC leader added. “We urge the Senate to move swiftly and finally confirm this extremely qualified nominee.”
Sanders said that “I strongly support Julie Su’s renomination to serve as Secretary of Labor. Her strong pro-worker track record as acting Secretary shows beyond a shadow of a doubt that she is the right person for the job. Her tireless and consistent work for working families across the country should continue as secretary of labor and I urge my colleagues to support her nomination.”
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